The Paraneuron pp 156-164 | Cite as

Adenohypophyseal Cells

  • Tsuneo Fujita
  • Tomio Kanno
  • Shigeru Kobayashi


The hypothysis, an appendage of the brain on its basal aspect, is also called the pituitary gland, since Andreas Vesalius (1543) in his “Fabrica” interpreted this organ as the production site of pituita (phlegm). The pituitary gland, which weighs about 0.5 g in man, is divided into two main components: the neurohypophysis, which embryologically is derived from the floor of the diencephalon, and the adenohypophysis, which originates from Rathke’s pouch, the invagination of the roof of the buccopharyngeal cavity. In this chapter, we will concentrate on the adenohypophyseal cells as the paraneuronal component of the pituitary gland; the neurohypophysis was dealt with in relation to the classic neuro-secretory system (p. 55).


Secretory Granule Endocrine Cell ACTH Cell Adenohypophyseal Cell Prolactin Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsuneo Fujita
    • 1
  • Tomio Kanno
    • 2
  • Shigeru Kobayashi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Niigata School of MedicineNiigataJapan
  2. 2.Department of Physiology Faculty of Veterinary MedicineHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Department of AnatomyYamanashi Medical CollegeTamaho,YamanashiJapan

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