The Paraneuron pp 118-131 | Cite as

Phylogeny of Paraneurons

  • Tsuneo Fujita
  • Tomio Kanno
  • Shigeru Kobayashi


Originating from the common ancester, Coelenterata, the evolution of the Metazoa has proceeded along two animal series, Protostomia and Deuterostomia. The protostomian series includes Platyhelminthes (planarians, tapeworms, etc.), Annelida (earthworms, clamworms, etc.), and, as more advanced forms, Mollusca and Arthropods. The deuterostomian series includes Echinodermata (seaurchins, starfish, etc.), Protochordata (seasquirts, amphioxus, etc.), and Vertebrata (Fig. 11.1).


Endocrine Cell Luteinizing Hormone Release Hormone Cerebral Ganglion Juxtaglomerular Cell Corpus Cardiacum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsuneo Fujita
    • 1
  • Tomio Kanno
    • 2
  • Shigeru Kobayashi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Niigata School of MedicineNiigataJapan
  2. 2.Department of Physiology Faculty of Veterinary MedicineHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Department of AnatomyYamanashi Medical CollegeTamaho,YamanashiJapan

Personalised recommendations