Advertisement

Measurement of SQL

Problems and Progress
  • Phyllis Reisner
Conference paper

Abstract

Since development of the database query language, SQL, began, there have been behavioral experiments to measure and improve its ease of use. These experiments are important in their own right. In addition, they are examples of how methodology in the new field of “software human factors” is developing. The present paper, written for the 17th annual IBM Computer Science Symposium at Nemu-no-sato, Japan, uses the experiments with SQL as a springboard to illustrate both the progress that has been made in this new field and the problems that still remain.

Keywords

Human Factor Query Language Final Exam English Sentence Cumulative Frequency Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Boyle, J. M., Bury, K. F., and Evey, R. J., Two studies evaluating learning and use of QBE and SQL, Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 27th Annual M,.eting, 1983, pp. 663–667.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chamberlin, D. D., Astrahan, M. M., Eswaran, K. P., Griffiths, P. P. Lorie, R. A. Mehl, J. W., Reisner, P., and Wade, B. W., Sequel 2: a unified approach to data definition, manipulation and control, IBM Journal of Research and Development, 20, Nov., 1976, pp. 560–575.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Codd, E. F. A relational model of data for large shared data bases, Communications of the ACM, 13, 2, June 1970, pp. 377–397.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greenblatt, D. and Waxman, J. A study of three database query languages, in Databases: Improving usability and responsiveness (B. Shneiderman, ed.), Academic Press, New York, 1978.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Human Factors in Computer Systems, Proceedings, March 15–17, Gaithersburg, Md.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moran, T. P. (ed.). The psychology of human-computer interaction, special issue of ACM Computing Surveys, 13, 1981.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Reisner, P., Boyce, R. F., and Chamberlin, D. D., Human factors evaluation of two data base query languages–SQUARE and SQL, in Proceedings of the National Computer Conference, AFIPS Press, Arlington, Va., 1975, pp. 447–452.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Reisner, P. Use of psychological experimentation as an aid to development of a query language, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, SE-3, May 1977, pp. 218–229.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reisner, P., Human factors studies of database query languages: a survey and assessment, Computing Surveys, 13 (1), March 1981, pp. 13–31.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reisner, P., Formal grammar and human factors design of an interactive graphics system, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 1981, SE-7, pp. 229–240.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Reisner, P. Formal grammar as a tool for analyzing ease-of-use: some fundamental concepts, Human Factors in Computer Systems, (Thomas, J. and Shneider, M. eds), Ablex, 1984.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thomas, J. C., and Gould, J. D., A psychological study of query by example, Proceedings of the National Computer Conference, AFIPS Press, Arlington, Va., 1975, pp. 439–445.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Thomas, J. C., and Gould, J. D., A psychological study of query by example, Proceedings of the National Computer Conference, AFIPS Press, Arlington, Va., 1975, pp. 439–445.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Workshop on Software Human Factors, report (to be published)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zloof, M. M., Query by example, Proceedings National Computer Conference, AFIPS Press, Arlington, Va, May, 1975, pp. 431–437.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phyllis Reisner
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM Almaden Research CenterUSA

Personalised recommendations