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ICONS and User-Interface Communication

  • Alice Bernhard
Conference paper

Abstract

Icon based interfaces offer a new dimension in human-machine communication. An overview of man’s attempts to communicate in the past, particularly through forms of writing, examines how and why certain methods developed and what purposes they served. Observations may be made of these communication symbols as to their intention and effectiveness; relating apparent insights to the purpose and process of the User-interface. Historic information on the development of iconic representations of familiar objects is given. Much can be synthesized and applied to the design of today’s icon-based user-interface. Advantages in using an iconic-based interface in software application packages are discussed; the nature of this interactivity being one which indicates a decrease in learning time and a potential increase in productivity.

Keywords

Graphic Sign Novice User Word Sign Command Language Iconic Representation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Anderson, Donald, M. THE ART OF WRITTEN FORMS: The Theory and Practice of Calligraphy. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., New York. 1968.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cornell, David; Sambura, Andrzej; Gero, John. ADVANTAGES OF ICONIC INTERFACES FOR DRAFTING SYSTEMS. Computer Application Research Unit, Department of Architectural Science, University of Sydney. Computer Graphics ′84: Online Publications, Pinner, UK. 1984.Google Scholar
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    Craig, James. DESIGNING WITH TYPE: A Basic Course In Typography. Watson-Guptill Publications, New York. 1980.Google Scholar
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    Gallant, Roy A. MAN MUST SPEAK: The Story of Language and How We Use It. Random House, New York. 1969.Google Scholar
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    Teitelbaum, Richard, C. A HUMAN FACTORS TEST of the TSO/E Information Center Facility Screen Interface. IBM Technical Report TR 00.3306. October 19, 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice Bernhard
    • 1
  1. 1.Bernhard DesignRhinebeckUSA

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