On Fifth Generation Systems and Their Implications for Computer Aided Design

  • David B. Arnold
Conference paper


While much discussion is currently taking place on the importance of the “fifth generation” and Intelligent Knowledge Based Systems (IKBS) to the future of computing, it seems difficult for CAD users to see how what might happen relates to current CAD systems. This paper suggests a relationship in terms of models of “the design process”, by categorising current CAD practice and discussing the potential role of IKBS in relation to this practice. The probable differences in the “feel” of the Man/— Machine interface of 5th generation systems is predicted and the paper concludes by considering whether these systems will affect the nature of the designs produced.


Design Loop Design Proposal Shape Grammar Sketch Design Hand Quadrant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Aldefeld, B. On automating recognition of 3D structures from 2D representations, in Computer Aided Design, Vol.15(2) (March 1983) pp. 59–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Arnold, D.B. A Computer Model of Housing Layout, PhD Thesis, School of Architecture, University of Cambridge, England (1978).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Arnold, D.B. Some Relationships Between Design, Style and Automation, CGP Memo 79/10, Computational Geometry Project, School of Computing Studies and Accountancy, Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich, England (Oct. 1979).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Auger, B., Butlin, G. and Hubbold, R.J. A High Density Housing Layout Program, Computer Graphics Workshop Report No.2, Univ. of Leicester, Engineering Department Report No.71 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Auger, B. The Architect and the Computer, London, Pall Mall Press (1972).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Bazjanac, V. The Promises and Disappointments of Computer Aided Design, in (Reflections on) Computer Aids to Design and Architecture (Ed. N. Negroponte) Petrocelli/Charter, New York (1975).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    de Bono, E. Lateral Thinking — A Textbook in Creativity, Ward Lock Educational, London (1970).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Dijkstra, E.M. Notes on Structured Programming, in O.-J. Dahl, E.M. Dijkstra and C.A. Hoare — Structured Programming, Academic Press, London (1972).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Earl, D.J. From Sketch to Solid: Pictorially Aided Techniques for Converting Collections of Lines into Planar Faced Objects, PhD Thesis, Computational Geometry Project, Univ of East Anglia, Norwich (1983).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    George, F.H. Models of Thinking, Advances in Psychology Series No.1 (Series Editor J. Cohen), George Allen and Unwin, London (1970).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Krause, F.-C. and Vassilakopoulos, V. A Way to Computer Supported Systems for Integrated Design and Production Process Planning, in CAD Systems, IFIP Working Conference (Ed. J.J. Allen), North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam (1977).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Latombe, J.C. Artificial Intelligence in Computer Aided Design: The TROPIC System, in CAD Systems, IFIP Working Conference (Ed. J.J. Allen), North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam (1977).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    March, L. Introduction — The Logic of Design and the Question of Value, in The Architecture of Form (Ed. L. March), Cambridge Urban and Architectural Series No.4, Cambridge University Press (1976).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Mitchell, W.J. The Theoretical Foundations of Computer Aided Architectural Design, Environment and Planning B., Vol.2 (2) (1975).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Mitchell, W.J. Computer Aided Architectural Design, Petrocelli/— Charter, New York (1977).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Simon, H.A. Style in Design, in Spatial Synthesis in Computer Aided Building Design, (Ed. C.M. Eastman), Applied Science Publishers Ltd., London (1975).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Swinson, P.S.G., Pereira, F.C.N. and Biji, A. A Fact Dependency System for the Logic Programmer, Computer Aided Design Vol.15(4) (July 1983) pp.235 243.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Toller, D.R. and Willey, D.S. Framed Bathrooms, Bargains and Architectural Designing, Computer Aided Design, Vol.15(1) (Jan 1983) pp.7–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Willey, D.S. Approaches to Computer Aided Architectural Sketch Design, Computer Aided Design, Vol.8(3) (July 1976).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Yessios, C.I. Formal Languages for Site Planning, in Spatial Synthesis in Computer Aided Building Design, (Ed. C.M. Eastman), Applied Science Publishers Ltd., London (1975).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • David B. Arnold
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computing Studies and AccountancyUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK

Personalised recommendations