Asia’s Marine Environment Hangs in the Balance
The oceans provide us with a variety of services to which the market attaches no or hardly any monetary value. These include not only fisheries, freight transport, and production of oil and natural gas, but also adjustment of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, nutrient cycling, reproduction of fisheries resources, and habitat for marine life. These services have an estimated annual monetary value of over $20.9 trillion, which is 1.7 times the assessed value of land-based services.1 But these valuable marine services are now threatened by pollution and the destruction of natural resources arising from human activities.
KeywordsCoral Reef Marine Life Fringe Reef Shrimp Aquaculture Integrate Coastal Management
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