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Asia’s Marine Environment Hangs in the Balance

  • Japan Environmental Council
  • Takehisa Awaji
  • Shun’ichi Teranishi
Conference paper
Part of the The State of Environment in Asia book series (STEA)

Abstract

The oceans provide us with a variety of services to which the market attaches no or hardly any monetary value. These include not only fisheries, freight transport, and production of oil and natural gas, but also adjustment of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, nutrient cycling, reproduction of fisheries resources, and habitat for marine life. These services have an estimated annual monetary value of over $20.9 trillion, which is 1.7 times the assessed value of land-based services.1 But these valuable marine services are now threatened by pollution and the destruction of natural resources arising from human activities.

Keywords

Coral Reef Marine Life Fringe Reef Shrimp Aquaculture Integrate Coastal Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Japan Environmental Council
  • Takehisa Awaji
    • 1
  • Shun’ichi Teranishi
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of LawRikkyo UniversityToshima-ku, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EconomicsHitotsubashi UniversityKunitachi-shi, TokyoJapan

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