Energy Policies and Choices Put to the Test
Energy consumption spiraled during the 20th century. World primary energy consumption reached 5.49 billion TOE (tons oil equivalent) in 1971 just before the first oil shock, continued to grow after that, and in 1996 attained 9.38 billion TOE, for a 1.71-fold increase over a quarter century. Energy consumption is expected to continue rising. The International Energy Agency’s (IEA) 1998 Outlook predicts that in 2010 consumption will be 12.6 billion TOE, which in 2020 will further increase to nearly 15 billion TOE.1
KeywordsGross Domestic Product Energy Policy Primary Energy Consumption Primary Energy Supply Capita Energy Consumption
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