In general, a serious problem of the fiber probe is its low throughput (in the case of illumination-mode operation, the throughput is defined as the ratio of the output light power at the apex of the fiber probe to the light power coupled into the other end of the probe). The essential cause of the low throughput is the guiding loss along (or inside) the metallized tapered core. In order to study this loss mechanism and to realize high-throughput probes, we focus our discussion on the characteristics of the tapered core. Since the nanometric protruded part at the top of the fiber probe does not contribute to this loss, this chapter treats only the fiber probe without a protruded part, i.e., a flat-apertured probe. Its cross-sectional profile is shown in Fig. 4.1a, for which the foot diameter df of the protruded probe in Fig. 4.1b can be called the aperture diameter.


Cone Angle Gold Film Aperture Diameter Fiber Probe HEll Mode 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motoichi Ohtsu
    • 1
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and EngineeringTokyo Institute of TechnologyMidori-ku YokohamaJapan

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