Participatory Forest Management

  • Makoto Inoue
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 140)


Since the late 1970s many participatory forest management systems have been practiced in the tropics because professional foresters noticed that they could not manage the forests sustainably under the principle of conventional and industrial forestry. A participatory forest management system is considered to be an indispensable policy concept to achieve sustainable forest management at present. According to initial definitions, social forestry and community forestry (FAO 1978) were defined similarly as any situation which intimately involves local people in a forestry activity for rural development. These days, however, it seems that the term social forestry involves a wider range of comprehensive participatory activities such as farm forestry or individual forestry, and the term community forestry implies collective activities rather than individual activities.


Forest Management Local Common Community Forestry Resource Management System Social Forestry 
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© Springer Japan 2000

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  • Makoto Inoue

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