Growth of Ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri) Seedlings in Relation to Environmental Factors in the Forest Understory

  • Hastaniah
  • Yoshiyuki Kiyono
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 140)


The ulin (Borneo ironwood, Eusideroxylon zwageri) is a species of Lauraceae that grows up to 40 m tall. The tree occurs naturally in South Sumatra, Kalimantan, and the nearby small islands. In Kalimantan, ulin is common along rivers and the adjacent hills, at altitudes up to 500 m, sometimes forming pure stands in primary and secondary forests on sandy well-drained soils (Kesser and Sidiyasa 1994). In South Sumatra, it forms pure stands on clay-rich soils (Whitten et al. 1987), but not in East Kalimantan (Witkamp 1925).


Seedling Growth Pure Stand Closed Site Thick Root Affect Seedling Growth 
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© Springer Japan 2000

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  • Hastaniah
  • Yoshiyuki Kiyono

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