Effects of Forest Fragmentation on the Behavior of Bornean Gibbons

  • Teruki Oka
  • Ecep Iskandar
  • Dadang Iman Ghozali
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 140)


According to a report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC, 1996), the remaining closed-forest area (that is, the area having a tree-crown cover of over 30%) in Indonesia is about 117.9 million ha, and is being reduced at a rate of 1.2 million ha per year, due to forest fires and clearing for agriculture and plantations. However, the WCMC report does not mean that a vast forest has been gradually reduced from its edges inward. In other words, we must remember that deterioration of forests means not only gradual reductions in area but also division into smaller, isolated fragments (Harris 1980, 1984, Wilcove et al. 1986, Shafer 1990).


Home Range Tropical Rainforest Forest Fragmentation Fragmented Forest Solitary Male 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teruki Oka
  • Ecep Iskandar
  • Dadang Iman Ghozali

There are no affiliations available

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