Advertisement

Climate in Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan

  • Takeshi Toma
  • Marjenah
  • Hastaniah
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 140)

Abstract

The coastal area of East Kalimantan, where the Bukit Soeharto Education Forest (BSEF) of Mulawarman University is situated, has a tropical rainforest climate and is known to be drier than the other parts of the island of Borneo (Whitmore 1984, Mackinnon et al. 1996, Walsh 1996b). The description of the climate in East Kalimantan is mainly based on the rainfall data recorded at several meteorological stations and there is little published information about climatic characteristics for East Kalimantan other than rainfall. In this chapter, we present some climatic characteristics, such as rainfall, solar radiation, air temperature and air humidity in the BSEF. Our data includes severe drought periods related to a pronounced El Niño Southern-Oscillation (ENSO) event in 1997–98.

Keywords

Forest Floor Vapor Pressure Deficit Monthly Rainfall Tropical Rain Forest ENSO Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brünig EF (1969) On the seasonality of drought in the lowlands of Sarawak (Borneo). Erdkunde 23:127–133Google Scholar
  2. Goldammer JG, Seibert B, Schindele W (1996) Fire in dipterocarp forests. In: Schlte A, Schöne D (eds) Dipterocarp forest ecosystems: Towards sustainable management. World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, pp 155–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hastaniah (1993) Meteorological observations at Bukit Soeharto Research Station in 1992. Annual Report of PUSREHUT 3:167–181Google Scholar
  4. Hastaniah, Morisada K (1992) Meteorological observations at Bukit Soeharto Research Station in 1991. Annual Report of PUSREHUT 2:61–76Google Scholar
  5. Ishida A, Toma T, Marjenah (1999a) Leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence in relation to leaf angle, azimuth, and canopy position in the tropical pioneer treeMacaranga conifera.Tree Physiol 19:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ishida A, Toma T, Marjenah (1999b) Limitation of leaf carbon gain by stomatal and photochemical process at the top canopy ofMacaranga conifera.a tropical pioneer tree. Tree Physiol 19:467–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ishida A, Toma T, Matsumoto Y, Yap SK, Maruyama Y (1996) Diurnal changes in leaf gas exchange characteristics in the uppermost canopy of a rainforest treeDryobalanops aromaticaGaertn. F. Tree Physiol 16:779–785PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kira T, Yoda K (1989) Vertical stratification in microclimate. In: Leigh H, Werger MJA (eds) Tropical rain forest ecosystems. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 55–71Google Scholar
  9. Kiyono Y, Hastaniah (1996) Slash-and-burn agriculture and succeeding vegetation in East Kalimantan. PUSREHUT Special publication No. 6, PUSREHUT, Samarinda, East KalimantanGoogle Scholar
  10. Leighton M, Wirawan N (1986) Catastrophic drought and fire in Borneo rainforests associated with the 1982–3 El Niño southern oscillation event. In: Prance GT (ed) Tropical rain forests and the world atmosphere, Westview, Boulder, Colorado, pp 1982–3Google Scholar
  11. Longman KA, Jenik J (1987) Tropical forest and its environment, 2nd edn. Longman, Essex, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  12. Mackinnon K, Hatta G, Halim H, Mangalic A (1996) The ecology of Kalimantan. Periplus Editions, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  13. Mohr ECJ (1933) Debodem der tropen in het algemeen en die van Ned.-Indie in het bijzonder. Meded Kom Ver Kol Inst Afd Handelsmuseum 31 Di.I, le stukGoogle Scholar
  14. Noguchi S, Nik AR, Sammori T, Tani M, Tsuboyama Y (1996) Rainfall characteristics of tropical rain forest and temperate forest: comparison between Bukit Tarek in Peninsular Malaysia and Hitachi Ohta in Japan. J Trop For Sci 9:206–220Google Scholar
  15. Okimori Y (1991) Final report (II). Submitted to The tropical Rain Forest Research Project, Samarinda, East Kalimantan (unpublished)Google Scholar
  16. Tang Y, Kachi N, Furukawa A, Muhamad A (1996) Light reduction by regional haze and its effect on simulated leaf photosynthesis in a tropical forest of Malaysia. For Ecol Manag 89:205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Walsh RPD (1996a) Drought frequency changes in Sabah and adjacent parts of northern Borneo since the late nineteenth century and possible implications for tropical rain forest dynamics. J Trop Ecol 12:385–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Walsh RPD (1996b) Climate. In: Richards PW with Walsh RPD, Baillie IC, The tropical rain forest, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 159–205Google Scholar
  19. Walsh RPD (1996c) Microclimate and hydrology. In: Richards PW, with Walsh RPD, Baillie IC, The tropical rain forest, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 206–237Google Scholar
  20. Whitmore TC (1984) Tropical rainforests of the Far East, 2nd edn. Clarendon, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeshi Toma
  • Marjenah
  • Hastaniah

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations