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Mechanism of Changes in the Kenyah’s Swidden System:Explanation in Terms of Agricultural Intensification Theory

  • Makoto Inoue
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 140)

Abstract

According to the FAO (1995, 1997), 12 594 000 ha of tropical forests diminished annually in the 1990s. The main factors of tropical deforestation are slash and burn agriculture, reclamation of farmland, conversion to pasture, industrial wood felling, firewood collecting, and illegal logging. Moreover, the land tenure system, economic growth, and population increase have been indicated as underlying causes of tropical deforestation. In this manner, most of the causes of deforestation seem to have been made clear (Brown and Pearce 1994, Sponsel et al. 1996), even though discussion on swidden agriculture or shifting cultivation still remains controversial.

Keywords

Labor Productivity Secondary Forest Land Productivity Fallow Period Upland Rice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2000

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  • Makoto Inoue

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