Causalgia and Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

  • Yasusuke Hirasawa


In 1867 Mitchell [141] coined the term “causalgia” to describe burning pains experienced following nerve injury caused by a gunshot wound. In 1900 Sudeck [197] reported acute bone atrophy occurring after trauma, and in 1946 Steinbrocker [193] used the term “shoulder hand syndrome” to describe pains and swellings in the upper extremities that occur after myocardial infarction. Evans first used the term reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) in his report published in 1947 [45].


Nerve Injury Sympathetic Nerve Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Lidocaine Hydrochloride 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasusuke Hirasawa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Kyoto Prefectural University of MedicineJapan
  2. 2.Graduate SchoolMeiji University of Oriental MedicineKyotoJapan

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