Advertisement

Forest Vegetation in and Around Ogawa Forest Reserve in Relation to Human Impact

  • Wajirou Suzuki
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 158)

Abstract

Ogawa Forest Reserve (OFR) is located on a quasiplain (about 610–660 m above sea level) in the southern part of the Abukuma Mountains, which run from Fukushima Prefecture to Ibaraki Prefecture along the Pacific Coast of central Japan. This area has the typical climate of the Pacific Coast of Japan, which is characterized by cold, dry winters with little snowfall (see Chapter 2; Suzuki 1952), and deciduous broad-leaved forests which have developed naturally and which are mainly composed of Fagus and Quercus species (Hukushima et al. 1995). The area is located in the lower part of the montane zone, as well as in the transition zone between the warm temperate and cool temperate climate zones (Suzuki 1952; Kashimura 1968; cf. Table 7.3 in Chapter 7). Moreover, in the past, the forests in this area have been subjected to human activities such as buming, cattle grazing, and clear-cutting for fuelwood for at least the last 500 years (see Chapter 7). As a result, almost all the natural forest vegetation has now changed into secondary forest or coniferous plantations (Ibaraki Prefectural Forest Experiment Station 1980).

Keywords

National Forest Dwarf Bamboo Ibaraki Prefecture Horse Breeding Fagus Crenata 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abe S, Masaki T, Nakashizuka T (1995) Factors influencing sap1ing composition in canopy gaps in a temperate deciduous forest. Vegetatio 120:21–32Google Scholar
  2. Hanawa-machi (ed) (1986) History of Hanawa Town (in Japanese). Hanawa TownGoogle Scholar
  3. Hukushima T, Takasuna H, Mataui T, Nishio T, Kyan Y, Tsunetomi Y (1995) New phytosociological classification of beech forests in Japan (in Japanese with English summary). Jpn J Ecol 45:79–98Google Scholar
  4. Ibaraki Prefectural Forest Experiment Station (1980) Map of actual vegetation of Ibaraki Prefecture. Ibaraki PrefectureGoogle Scholar
  5. Ishizuka K (ed) (1977) Distribution of plant communities and environment (in Japanese). Asakura-shoten, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  6. Ito S, Miyata I (1977) Species diversity of plant community (in Japanese). In: Ito S, Ishizuka K (eds) Species composition and structure of plant community. Asakura-shoten, Tokyo, pp 76–111Google Scholar
  7. Japan Fuel Wood Association (1960) Japanese history of charcoal (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Kamitani T (1993) Ecological studies on regeneration of beech (Fagus crenata Blume) coppice forests in a heavy snowfall region (in Japanese with English summary). Mem Fac Agric Niigata Univ 30:1–108Google Scholar
  9. Kashimura T (1968) Natural forest communities in Abukuma Mountains. Ecol View 17:75–85Google Scholar
  10. Kawano T (1981) Inquiry of Hitachi-fudoki (in Japanese). Tsukuba-shorin, TsuchiuraGoogle Scholar
  11. Maeda T (1988) Studies on natural regeneration of beech (Fagus crenata Blume) (in Japanese with English summary). Spec Bull Agric Utsunomiya Univ 46: 1–79Google Scholar
  12. Masaki T, Suzuki W, Niiyama K, Iida S, Tanaka H, Nakashizuka T (1992) Community structure of a species-rich temperate forest, Ogawa Forest Reserve, central Japan. Vegetatio 98:97–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Miyawaki A (ed) (1986) Vegetation of Japan, Kanto (in Japanese). Shinbundo, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  14. Nagaike T (2000) The effect ofhuman disturbance on forested landscape structure and plant species diversity in a Fagus crenata region (in Japanese with English summary). Bull Yamanashi For For Pro Res Inst 21:29–85Google Scholar
  15. Nakashizuka T, Numata M (1982a) Regeneration process of climax beech forest. I. Structure of a forest with an undergrowth of Sasa. Jpn J Ecol 32:57–67Google Scholar
  16. Nakashizuka T, Numata M (1982b) Regeneration process of climax beech forest. II. Structure of a forest under the influences of grazing. Jpn J Ecol 32:473–482Google Scholar
  17. Numata M (1969) Progressive and retrogressive gradients of grassland vegetation measured by degree of succession. Ecological judgement of grassland condition and trend. IV. Vegetatio 19:96–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ohsako M (1937) Studies ofmeadows and pastures in Japan (in Japanese). Japan Forest Technical Association, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  19. Suzuki T (1952) Forest vegetation of eastem Asia (in Japanese). Kokin Shoin, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  20. Suzuki W, Nakashizuka T, Maeda T (1989) Structure and regeneration of remaining natural beech (Fagus crenata) forests in the southem part ofIbakaki Prefecture (in Japanese). Trans Jpn For Soc 100:365–367Google Scholar
  21. Suzuki W, Nomiya H, Nakashizuka T (1997) Community structure and succes sion of secondary forests regarding to human impacts, central Japan. In: IAVS‘97 Symposium Conference abstracts, pp 92–93, IAVS’97 Symposium, České BudějoiceGoogle Scholar
  22. Taga Livestock Industry Cooperation (1982) History of horse breeding in Taga County (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  23. Tokyo Regional Forest Office (1925a) Second forest management plan for Takahagi District National Forests (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  24. Tokyo Regional Forest Office (l925b) Management plan for pastures and meadows of the Takahagi District Forest Office (in Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wajirou Suzuki

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations