General Conclusion: Forest Community Ecology and Applications

  • Tohru Nakashizuka
  • Moriyoshi Ishizuka
  • Isamu Ohkochi
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 158)


The overall purpose of the studies in Ogawa Forest Reserve (OFR) was to elucidate the mechanisms by which biological diversity is maintained, particularly analyzing the coexistence mechanisms of the tree species (see Chapter 1). The findings presented in this book from the 13 years of study also give us some suggestions for applications to forest management. We would like to summarize our studies on two points in this chapter: (1) mechanisms of tree coexistence, or mechanisms maintaining tree diversity in the OFR; and (2) the implications of these findings for forest management applications.


Habitat Heterogeneity Safe Site Temperate Deciduous Forest Seed Shadow Coexistence Mechanism 
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© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tohru Nakashizuka
  • Moriyoshi Ishizuka
  • Isamu Ohkochi

There are no affiliations available

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