Demographic Genetics of the Fagus crenata Population in Ogawa Forest Reserve

  • Keiko Kitamura
  • Shoichi Kawano
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 158)


In view of population dynamics, gap formation is a major mechanism for regeneration among temperate deciduous climax tree species (Nakashizuka 1987; Yamamoto 1989), which leads to the development of a various sizes of mosaic structure within the forest ecosystem. As a result, long-lived forest tree populations are made up of individuals of various ages with patch structures of various sizes. Under these circumstances, spatio-temporal genetic substructurings and/or localizations in various scales are significant consequence within alocal population.


Spatial Genetic Structure Mother Tree Dwarf Bamboo Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis Selective Cutting 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abe S, Masaki T, Nakashizuka T (1995) Factors influencing sapling composition in canopy gaps of a temperate deciduous forest. Vegetatio 120:21–32Google Scholar
  2. Alvarez-Buylla ER, Garay AA (1994) Population genetic structure of Cecropia obtusifolia, a tropical pioneer tree species. Evolution 48:437–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Argyres AZ, Schmitt J (1991) Microgeographic genetic structure of morphological and life history traits in a natural population of Impatiens capensis. Evolution 45: 178–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clegg MT, Kahler AL, Allard RW (1978) Estimation of life cycle components of selection in an experimental plant population. Genetics 89:765–792PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Crawford TJ (1984) The estimation ofneighbourhood parameters for plant populations. Heredity 52:273–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dewey SE, Heywood JS (1988) Spatial genetic structure in a population of Psychotria nervosa. I. Distribution of genotype. Evolution 42:834–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Epperson BK (1989) Spatial patterns of genetic variation within plant populations. In: Brown AHD, Clegg MT, Kahler AL, Wier BS (eds), Plant population genetics, breeding, and genetic resources. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, pp 229–253Google Scholar
  8. Epperson BK, Allard RW (1989) Spatial autocorrelation analysis of the distribution of genotypes within populations of lodgepole pine. Genetics 121:369–377PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Epperson BK, Clegg MT (1986) Spatial-autocorrelation analysis of flower color polymorphisms within substructured populations of moming glory (Ipomoea purpurea). Am Nat 128:840–858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Geburek T, Tripp-Knowles P (1994) Genetic architecture in bur oak, Quercus macrocarpa (Fagaceae), inferred by means of spatial autocorrelation analysis. Plant Syst Evol 189:63–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gliddon C, Belhassen E, Gouyon P-H (1987) Genetic neighbourhoods in plants with diverse systems of mating and different patterns of growth. Heredity 59:29–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hamrick JL (1982) Plant population genetics and evolution. Am J Bot 69: 1685–1693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kawano S, Kitamura K (1997) Demographic genetics of the Japanese beech, Fagus crenata, at Ogawa Forest Preserve, Ibaraki, central Honshu, Japan. III. Population dynamics and genetic substructuring within a metapopulation. Plant Species Biol 12: 157–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kitamura K, Shimada K, Nakashima K, Kawano S (1997a) Demographic genetics of the Japanese beech, Fagus crenata, at Ogawa Forest Preserve, Ibaraki, central Honshu, Japan. I. Spatial genetic substructuring in local populations. Plant Species Biol 12: 107–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kitamura K, Shimada K, Nakashima K, Kawano S (1997b) Demographic genetics of the Japanese beech, Fagus crenata, at Ogawa Forest Preserve, Ibaraki, central Honshu, Japan. II. Genetic substructuring among size-classes in local populations. Plant Species Biol 12:137–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Knowies P (1991) Spatial genetic structure within two natural stands of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B. S. P.). Silvae Genet 40:13–19Google Scholar
  17. Leonardi S, Raddi S, Borghetti M (1996) Spatial autocorrelation of allozyme traits in a Norway spruce (Picea abies) population. Can J For Res 26:63–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Levin DA, Kerster HW (1974) Gene flow in seed plants. Evol Biol 7: 139–220Google Scholar
  19. Levins R (1969) Some demographic and genetic consequences of environmental heterogeneity forbiological control. Bull Entomol Soc Am 15:237–240Google Scholar
  20. Maeda T (1988) Studies on natural regeneration of beech (Fagus crenata BLUME) (in Japanese with English summary). Special Bull Agr Utsunomiya Univ 46: 1–79Google Scholar
  21. Miguchi H (1996) Dynamics of beech forest from the view point of rodents ecology-ecological interactions of the regeneration characteristics of Fagus crenata and rodents (in Japanese with English summary). Jpn J Ecol 46:185–189Google Scholar
  22. Nakamura S (1995) Genetic variations and population structures of Fagus crenata in southwestern Japan. M.S. Thesis, Dept Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto UniversityGoogle Scholar
  23. Nakashizuka T (1987) Regeneration dynamics of beech forests in Japan. Vegetatio 69:169–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Perry DJ, Knowies P (1991) Spatial genetic structure within three sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) stands. Heredity 66:137–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schaal BA, Levin DA (1976) The demographic genetics of Liatris cylindracea Michx. (Compositae). Am Nat 110:191–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Schnabel A, Hamrick JL (1990) Organization of genetic diversity within and among populations of Gleditsia triacanthos (Leguminosae). Am J Bot 77: 1060–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schnabel A, Laushman RH, Hamrick JL (1991) Comparative genetic structure of two cooccurring tree species, Maclura pomifera (Moraceae) and Gleditsia triacanthos (Leguminosae). Heredity 67:357–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Schoen EJ, Latta RG (1989) Spatial autocorrelation of genotypes in populations of Impatiens pallida and Impatiens capensis. Heredity 63: 181–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shapcott A (1995) The spatial genetic structure in natural populations of the Australian temperate rainforest tree Atherosperma moschatum (Labill.) (Monimiaceae). Heredity 74:28–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Silvertown J, Lovett Doust J (1993) Introduction to plant population biology, 3rd ed. Blackwell, LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. Williams CF (1994) Genetic consequences of seed dispersal in three sympatric forest herbs. II. Microspatial genetic structure within populations. Evolution 48: 1959–1972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wright S (1943) Isolation by distance. Genetics 28:114–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Wright S (1951) The genetical structure of populations. Ann Eugenics 15:323–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Xie CY, Knowies P (1991) Spatial genetic substructure within natural populations of jack pine (Pinus banksiana). Can J Bot 69:547–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yamamoto S (1989) Gap dynamics in climax F agus crenata forests. Bot Mag Tokyo 102:93–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keiko Kitamura
  • Shoichi Kawano

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations