Laparoscopy- and Thoracoscopy-Assisted Esophagectomy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus
The laparoscopic procedure has already been accepted as the gold standard for cholecystectomy and has several major advantages. One is the small surgical wound, which reduces postoperative wound pain and postoperative respiratory dysfunction. Another advantage is that it maintains a better endoscopic magnified view of the surgical field, which enables fine surgical manipulation with less bleeding when hemostatic procedures are performed meticulously.
KeywordsEsophageal Cancer Thoracic Esophagus Esophageal Cancer Patient Thoracoscopic Esophagectomy Gastric Mobilization
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