Surgical Experience of Superficial Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Thailand
In Thailand, esophageal cancer is most prevalent in the south. Songkhla Province in southern Thailand has the highest incidence of esophageal cancer in Thailand, with a world population standardized rate of 9.7 per 100000 in males and 3.1 per 100000 in females. In this registry, it is the third most common cancer in men. More than 90% of cases with a histological diagnosis were squamous cell carcinoma [1, 2, 3]. Esophageal cancer is a significant public health problem in southern Thailand. About 80–100 patients with esophageal cancer are treated each year at Songklanagarind University Hospital. In 1984 the Department of Surgery set up a unit to undertake research into this disease. Lines of investigation that we have followed so far include descriptive epidemiology, exploration of potential risk factors, trials of a screening test for early detection, and improvement of therapy with special emphasis on using of multimodality treatment.
KeywordsSquamous Cell Carcinoma Esophageal Cancer Submucosal Tumor Mucosal Cancer Significant Public Health Problem
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.National Cancer Institute (1987) Cancer statistics 1982. Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok, pp 108–112Google Scholar
- 2.Chanvitan A, Ubolcholket S, Chuprapawan C (1991) Surveillance of oesophageal carcinoma in southern Thailand in 1998. J Med Assoc Thai 74:3–8Google Scholar
- 3.Vatanasapt V, Martin N, Sriplung H, et al (1993) Cancer in Thailand 1998–1991. IARC Techical Report No. 16. IARC, Lyon, pp 61–130Google Scholar
- 5.UICC (1992) TNM classification of malignant tumors, 5th edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg NewYorkGoogle Scholar
- 6.UICC (1993) TNM supplement 1993. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1993Google Scholar
- 8.Siewert JR (1991) Breitner Chirurgische Operationslehre, vol IV: Chirurgie des Abdomens 2. Urban & Schwarzenberg, MunichGoogle Scholar
- 10.Peracchia A, Bonavina L, Segalin A, Ruol A, Fumagalli U (1994) Esophagectomy without thoracotomy or transmediastinal endodissection for esophageal carcinoma. Dis Esophagus 7:36–38Google Scholar
- 12.Gayet B, Vons C, Molas G, Belghiti J, Fekete F (1990) Superficial squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: an early lesion of good prognosis? A report of 58 patients resected. In: Ferguson NK, Little AG, Skinner DB (eds) Diseases of the esophagus, vol 1: Malignant diseases. Futura, Mount Kisko, NY, pp 161–169Google Scholar
- 14.Murata Y, Ota M, Suzuki S, Hayashi K, Yamada H, Ide H (1995) How to discriminate between mucosal cancer and submucosal cancer according to depiction of muscularis mucosae. Presented at the 6th world congress of the ISDE, MilanGoogle Scholar