Esophageal Superficial Neoplasms: Results of Surgery: Primary Early-Stage Squamous Cell Carcinomas versus Tumors Down-Staged to an Early Stage by Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy
Early squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus has been defined as a tumor limited to the mucosa or submucosa without nodal metastasis in the resected specimen [I]. This corresponds to pTis-TlNOMO or stage 0–1 according to the TNM classification. Superficial esophageal cancer has been defined by endoscopic evidence of a tumor that does not extend beyond the submucosa regardless of the presence of lymph node metastasis.
KeywordsEsophageal Cancer Cervical Esophagus Advanced Esophageal Cancer Transhiatal Esophagectomy Pathologic Tumor Stage
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