Vascularized Tibiofibular Graft in the Rat
Recent advances in microvascular surgery have made it possible to reconstruct large skeletal defects with autogenous bone grafts on a vascular pedicle. In 1975, Taylor et al.  published the first clinical cases of vascularized fibular grafts for reconstruction of lower limbs damaged by trauma. Other clinical reports followed, and the use of vascularized fibular grafts became a well established method for solving difficult reconstructive problems involving the extremities [2,3]. The iliac crest , rib , and scapula  became alternative sources of vascularized bone grafts. However, the vascularized fibula is most widely used in cases in which there are large skeletal defects of the extremities, because of its available length, straight shape, and strong cortical structure [7,8].
KeywordsBone Formation Bone Graft Xylenol Orange Bony Union Fibular Graft
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Moor J.R., Weiland A.J., Daniel R.K. (1984) Use of free vascularized bone grafts in the treatment of bone tumors. Clin Orthop 175:37–44Google Scholar
- 6.Teot L., Bosse J.P., Monefarrage R., Papillon J., Beauregard G. (1981) The scapula crest pedicled bone graft. Int J Microsurg 3:257–262Google Scholar
- 9.Saffer J.W., Field G.A., Goldberg V.M., Davy D.T. (1985) Fate of vascularized and nonvascularized autografts. Clin Orthop 197:32–43Google Scholar
- 10.De Boer H.H., Wood M.B. (1986) Bone changes in the vascularized bone graft. J Bone Joint Surg B(71):374–378Google Scholar
- 12.Mizumoto S., Tamai S., Yajima H., Yoshii T. (1987) Vascularized fibula graft (in Japanese). In: Tamai S. (ed) Microsurgery in orthopedics. Seikeigeka Mook 48. Kanehara, Tokyo, pp 210–226Google Scholar
- 13.Mizumoto S., Tamai S., Goshima J., Yajima H., Yoshi T., Fukui A., Masuhara K. (1986) Experimental study of vascularized tibiofibula graft in inbred rats: a preliminary report. J Reconstr Microsurg 3:1–9Google Scholar
- 16.Uhthoff H.K., Jaworski Z.F.G. (1984) Bone loss in response to long-term immobilization. J Bone Joint Surg B(60): 420–429Google Scholar
- 17.Goodship A.E., Lanyon L.E., McFie H. (1979) Functional adaptation of bone to increase stress. J Bone Joint Surg A(61):539–546Google Scholar