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Abstract

Paré (1552) [1] described the first vascular ligature, and in 1759 Hallowell [2] repaired a wound in the brachial artery by thrusting a pin through the margins of the wound and tying a thread around it. In 1820, Jones [3] studied the healing process in vascular injuries in animals and stressed the importance of neointima, which had regenerated at the suture site. In 1877, Eck [4] performed his well-known portacaval shunt operation for portal hypertension.

Keywords

Free Flap Brachial Plexus Injury Microvascular Anastomosis Vascularized Fibula Graft Free Muscle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Japan 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susumu Tamai

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