Satoyama landscapes have been identified as the primary habitat for several endangered plant species (Wagakuni niokeru hogojou juuyou-na shokubutushu oyobi gunnraku nikannsuru kenkyuuiinkai shu bunkakai 1989). Conservation and management of secondary nature areas has been emphasized as being necessary for wildlife conservation in Japan. The majority of the 351 plant species that are considered important in nature conservation inhabit secondary woodlands, while only 176 species are in climax forests (Table 4.1; Red Data Book Kinki Kenkyukai 1995).
KeywordsPaddy Field Seed Dispersal Spring Water Understory Plant Drainage Canal
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