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Accumulated Pollution and the PPP—Mainly Heavy Metal Pollution

  • Fumikazu Yoshida

Abstract

When the OECD first formulated its policy that an industrial polluter should pay for any pollution caused by heavy metals and PCB in the soil or water, the policy was mainly targeted at the prevention of pollution in the first place, at which stage the cost of any preventative measures would be absorbed as a preliminary cost by the industrialist: “the internalization of the external cost” (the Polluter-Pays Principle: PPP).

Keywords

Soil Pollution Metal Mining Liberal Democratic Party Local Government Authority Akita Prefecture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumikazu Yoshida
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EconomicsHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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