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Itai-Itai Disease and Countermeasures Against Cadmium Pollution by the Kamioka Mine

  • Fumikazu Yoshida

Abstract

Osteomalacia, softening of the bones as a result of renal tubular dysfunction, is now commonly known as Itai-Itai disease. Osteomalacia occurs in women who have borne several children. During the final stages of osteomalacia, when patients can neither stand, walk, nor talk, all they say is itai-itai (Japanese for “It hurts! It hurts!”), hence its common name. In one of the worst cases of the disease, a patient lost 30 cm in height as a result of pressure fractures of the vertebrae; and another patient suffered many fractures, 28 in the ribs alone.

Keywords

Cadmium Level Renal Tubular Dysfunction Cadmium Pollution Electrolysis Plant Zinc Electrolysis Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumikazu Yoshida
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EconomicsHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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