Environment Politics in Japan

  • Fumikazu Yoshida


Amartya Sen argues that the growth of the gross national product (GNP) or of individual incomes is very important as a means of expanding freedom, but freedom also depends on social and economic arrangements, and on political and civil rights. Sen lists five distinct types of “instrumental freedom”: (1) political freedom; (2) economic facilities; (3) social opportunities; (4) transparency guarantees; and (5) protective security.


Nuclear Power Station Gross National Product Aomori Prefecture Bubble Economy Domestic Development 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumikazu Yoshida
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EconomicsHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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