Introduction: What Is Waste?
When we consider problems of the global environment, the central category that must be analyzed first is the issue of waste. Because many sorts of environmental problems occur both at the input of metabolism, or at the interface between humans and nature, and also at the output of waste from human society, the problem of waste is one of the main issues we need to address.
KeywordsWaste Disposal Recycle Material Environmental Burden Black Liquor Virgin Material
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Ministry of Health and Welfare, Japan (1993) A new comment on the Waste Disposal Law. Japan Environment and Hygiene Association, TokyoGoogle Scholar
- 2.Washida T (1995) Market economy and resources recycling. In: Murota T (ed.) Jyunkan no Keizaigaku [Economy of circulation]. Gakuyo Shobo, Tokyo, p 160Google Scholar
- 3.Sirkin T, ten Houten M (1994) The cascade chain. Resources, conservation and recycling, Vol 10. Elsevier Science, New York, pp 213–277Google Scholar
- 4.Ueta K (1992) Haikibutu to Recycling no Keizaigaku [Economics of waste and recycling]. Yuhikaku, Tokyo, p 142Google Scholar
- 5.Yoshino T (1996) Shigen Jyunkan Shakai no Keizai-Riron [Economic theory of resources circulation society]. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, p 136Google Scholar
- 6.Environment Agency (1997) The white paper on the environment. Printing Bureau, Ministry of Finance, Tokyo, p 180Google Scholar
- 7.Pauri G (1996) Japan leads zero-emission [in Japanese]. Nihon Keizai Shimbun, August 24, 1996Google Scholar
- 8.Environment Agency, loc cit.Google Scholar
- 9.Schmidt-Bleek F (1994) Wieviel Umwelt braucht der Mensch? Birkhäuser, BaselGoogle Scholar
- 10.von Weizsäcker E, Lovins A, Lovins H (1997) Factor four, doubling wealth, halving resources use. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 11.Sachs W et al. (1998) Greening the north. Zed Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 12.Central Council of the Environment (1997) How to reduce the environmental burden created by waste disposal. Environment Agency, TokyoGoogle Scholar
- 13.United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992) Agenda 21: programme of action for sustainable development. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development: statement of forest principle. United Nations, New York, Chapter 20Google Scholar