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Direct Measurement of Electron Antineutrino Mass

  • Takayoshi Ohshima
  • Hirokane Kawakami

Abstract

This article 1 describes the current experimental situation of the electron antineutrino mass measurement from the study of tritium β-decay, 3H → 3He+e- + v e. This is the most direct method to measure the neutrino mass without relying upon any particular assumptions. Namely, this is compared with the counter examples: the measurement of the neutrino-less double β-decay provides information on the neutrino mass averaged over neutrino species with the weight of the mixing angle squared, under the assumption that the neutrinos are Majorana type particles [1]; study of neutrino oscillation results in the neutrino mass in terms of mass-square difference, Δm 2 = m vi 2 - m vj 2 . (i and j are indices for neutrino flavour), only when the mixing exists between different flavours [2]. The method using tritium α-decay is only based upon the kinematics of the decay process. The masses of the muon neutrino, m , and tau neutrino, m are also being studied by similar direct methods in the decays of π meson and tau lepton, respectively, and their current respective upper limits are obtained as 270 keV [3] and 31 MeV [4].

Keywords

Momentum Resolution Auger Line Electron Antineutrino Tritium Atom Conversion Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takayoshi Ohshima
    • 1
  • Hirokane Kawakami
    • 2
  1. 1.National Laboratory for High Energy Physics (KEK)JaPan
  2. 2.Institute for Nuclear StudyUniversity of TokyoJapan

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