Globalization of Electronics Production Networks and the Emerging Roles and Strategies of Singapore Contract Manufacturers

  • Poh-Kam Wong
Conference paper


Over the last two decades, non-Japan East Asia has emerged as a major production platform for the global electronics industry. Driven by global competition, electronics multinational corporations (MNCs) from advanced countries have increasingly extended their supplier bases and production networks to the various countries in East Asia. In 1998, the four Asian NIEs (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea and Singapore), the four ASEAN countries (Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia) and China together are estimated to have already accounted for over one-fifth of global electronics production (Elsevier, 1999), rising from less than 6% in 1985 and about 12.5% in 1990 (Table 5-1). It is also interesting to note that non-Japan East Asian electronics production had exceeded the total Japanese electronics production output for the first time in 1998, rising from less than one-third in 1985 and still less than half in 1990. Although this has happened partly to falling production within Japan itself- Japanese electronics production peaked in 1995 and declined thereafter — it is nonetheless remarkable that so much of electronics production has migrated to non-Japan East Asia within such a short period.


Hard Disk Drive Production Network Harvard Business Review Strategic Management Journal Compound Annual Growth Rate 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poh-Kam Wong
    • 1
  1. 1.National University of SingaporeSingapore

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