Society as a System

  • Helmar Krupp


The differentiation of societies into subsystems such as the economy, politics, and technology, with their different, highly specific communication and their different criteria of performance, results in a societal complexity which cannot be controlled from a single center and which may cause uncontrollable externalities.


Political Party External Cost European Economic Community Fuel Substitution Societal System 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmar Krupp
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General Systems Studies, College of Arts and SciencesThe University of TokyoMeguro-ku, 153 TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations