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Coherent Ballistic Transport in Micro-Junctions: Quenching, Fluctuations, and Chaos

  • Harold U. Baranger
  • Rodolfo A. Jalabert
  • A. Douglas Stone
Conference paper

Summary

We compare the quantum and classical transport properties of ballistic microstructures and find two important differences. First, there are large fluctuations of the quantum conductance in experimentally realizable structures caused by coherent scattering from the geometric features. These fluctuations arise from interference between long paths trapped in a junction or cavity. A semiclassical argument shows that the scale of the magnetic field correlation function for the quantum fluctuations is determined by the underlying chaotic classical scattering, a result which is confirmed numerically. Second, we extract the average quantum behavior using an ensemble of very weak impurities and some thermal broadening. While the classical and quantum results are in good qualitative agreement, we find substantial quantitative differences that persist well into the many-channel (classical) limit. The first effect should be observable in low-temperature resistance measurements on high-mobility heterostructure devices; the second is relevant to recent experiments on quenching of the Hall resistance.

Keywords

Green Function Quantum Fluctuation Quantum Chaos Ballistic Structure Hall Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold U. Baranger
    • 1
  • Rodolfo A. Jalabert
    • 2
  • A. Douglas Stone
    • 2
  1. 1.AT&T Bell Laboratories 1D-230Murray HillUSA
  2. 2.Applied PhysicsYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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