Ultra-High Resolution Electron Beam Patterning of SiO2: A Review

  • David R. Allee
  • Xiao Dan Pan
  • Alec N. Broers
  • Corwin P. Umbach
Conference paper


Arrays of lines with periods down to 15nm have been directly patterned in SiO2 with electron irradiation. Two methods have been developed to eliminate the surface contamination and enable the subsequent development in HF based etches: 1) exposing the oxide through a sacrificial layer and 2) oxygen reactive ion etching. This period is three times better than is possible with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), the most widely used high resolution electron beam resist. Preliminary pattern transfer experiments using chlorine reactive ion etching have transferred feature sizes down to 10nm into Si. Because patterned SiO2 is itself extremely useful as a key component of many electronic devices, the ability to directly pattern SiO2 with nanometer scale resolution, albeit with a high dose, will enhance the techniques available to prototype both conventional and quantum effect ultra-small devices.


Electron Beam Lithography Sacrificial Layer Scanning Force Microscope Electron Stimulate Desorption Exposure Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • David R. Allee
    • 1
  • Xiao Dan Pan
  • Alec N. Broers
    • 2
  • Corwin P. Umbach
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Department of EngineeringCambridge UniversityCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Thomas J. Watson Research CenterIBM Research DivisionYorktown HeightsUSA

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