Advertisement

Optic Nerve Disc in Myopic Children with Increased Intraocular Pressure

Conference paper
  • 90 Downloads

Summary

Optic nerve discs of myopic children with increased intraocular pressure were studied in an effort to find signs which differentiate the glaucoma changes of the optic nerve disc from myopic changes. The authors examined 16 eyes of 8 myopic children with increased intraocular pressure. They performed an extended ophthalmological examination and digital image analysis of the head of the optic nerve with planimetric evaluation. In two patients the neuroretinal rim area was above the standard limit. In three patients a small neuroretinal rim area made the diagnosis of glaucoma probable. In two patients with anisometropia the rim area was smaller in the eye with higher myopia than in that with low myopia. The main factor distinguishing myopic changes of the optic nerve disc from glaucomatous changes is the neuroretinal rim area.

Key words

Myopia Glaucoma Optic nerve disc Neuroretinal rim area 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Buskirk EM, Cioffi GA (1992) Glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Am J Opbthalrnol 113: 447–452.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chihara E, Liu X, Dong J, Takashinma Y, Akimoto M, Hangai M, Kuriyarnu S.Tanihara H, Hosoda M, Tsukahara S (1997) Severe myopia as a risk factor for progressive visual field loss yöc ay open-angle glaucoma. Ophthaimoiogica 211: 66–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jeddi A, Osman N, Sebai L(l995) Glaucoma in high myopia. Ophthaimoiogie 9: 470–472Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jensen H (1991) Myopia progression in young school children: a prospective study of myop a progression and the effect of a trial with bifocal lenses and beta-blocker eye drops. Acta 0pbthalmol Suppl 200 69: 79Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jensen H (1992) Myopia progression in young school children and introcular pressure. Doc 0yhdúalmnl 82: 249–255Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jonas JB, Gusek OC, Naumann GO (1989) Optic disc morphometry in high myopiy.Grafes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 226: 587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    LiumouB(1989)ZurBcmómmungú rnab, Groheoinoo bjektesxu[dcwBüuto,gmudd,s lebenden Aunges. Küu.Mooætshl Augenheilkd 180: 286Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pruett RC (1988) Progressive myopia and intraocular pressure: what is the linkage? Acta Ophthalmnl Suppl l85:ll7-l27Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Quinn GE, Berlin JA, Young TL, Ziylan S, Stone RA (1995) Association of intraocular pressur and myopia in children. Ophthalmology 102: 180–185PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Spaeth GL (1992) Development of glaucomatous changes of the optic nerve. In: Varma R, Spaeth GL (eds) Optic nerve in glaucoma. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1992, 79Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stuart-Black Kelly T (1980) The arrest and prophylaxis of expansion glaucoma (myopia). Doc Ophthalmol 28: 249–253Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Young FA (1980) Intraocular pressure dynamics associated with accommodation. Doc OphthalmolGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eye Disease Diagnostic OfficeZlinCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations