Multidimensional Scaling with Different Orientations of Dimensions for Symmetric and Asymmetric Relationships

  • Akinori Okada
  • Tadashi Imaizumi


A model and an associated nonmetric algorithm for analyzing two-mode three-way asymmetric proximities are presented. The model represents proximity relationships among objects which are common to all sources, the salience of symmetric proximity relationships along dimensions for each source, and the salience of asymmetric proximity relationships along dimensions. The salience of asymmetric proximity relationships is represented by a set of dimensions, which have different orientations from that for the symmetric relationships.


Multidimensional Scaling Monte Carlo Study Symmetric Component Asymmetric Component Proximity Relationship 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akinori Okada
    • 1
  • Tadashi Imaizumi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Relations, School of Social RelationsRikkyo (St. Paul’s) UniversityToshima-ku, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Management and Information SciencesTama UniversityTama City, TokyoJapan

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