The Study of Nickel Hydroxide Catalyst Surface During Organic Electrosynthesis by Atomic Force Microscopy

  • Andrzej Kowal
Conference paper


Oxidation of alcohols on nickel hydroxide electrodes has been studied for twenty years. The mechanism of the oxidation reaction was proposed by Pletcher and Fleishmann [1] and extended by Schafer[2]. Recently Kowal and coworkers used the modern in-situ methods for understanding the mechanism of the oxidation reaction [3] and the stability of nickel hydroxide electrodes [4,5].


Atomic Force Microscopy Cyclic Voltammetry Electrode Surface Oxidation Reaction Organic Synthesis 
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  1. la) M. Fleishmann, K. Korinek, D. Pletcher, J. Electroanal. Chem., 1972, 31, 39.Google Scholar
  2. lb) M. Fleishmann, K. Korinek, D. Pletcher, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II, 1972, 1396.Google Scholar
  3. 2).
    H.-J. Schafer, Topics in Current Chemistry, Vol. 142, p. 101, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg 1987.Google Scholar
  4. 3).
    A. Kowal, S. N. Port, R. J. Nichols, Catalysis Today, in press.Google Scholar
  5. 4).
    A. Kowal, R. Niewiara, B. Peronczyk, J. Haber, Langmuir 1996, 12, 2332.Google Scholar
  6. 5).
    A. Kowal, C. Gutierrez, J. Electroanal. Chem., 1995, 396, 234.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej Kowal
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Catalysis and Surface ChemistryPolish Academy of SciencesKrakowPoland

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