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Evolution of MADS Gene Family in Plants

  • Mitsuyasu Hasebe
  • Jo Ann Banks

Abstract

One of the biggest problems in systematics is the occasional discrepancy between molecular-based and morphology-based phylogenies. For both molecular and morphological data, it is difficult to distinguish homology from analogy, especially among distantly related taxa. Therefore, there are no a priori criteria to evaluate the different phylogenetic trees inferred from the different kinds of data. By understanding the molecular and genetic basis of morphological characters, these discrepancies may be reconciled for two reasons. First, a morphological character is generally a result of the interactions of many gene products. As these genes are identified, the number of characters from which a phylogenetic inference is made is greatly increased from one morphological character (e.g., petal) to many genes (e.g., all the genes that specify petal identity and morphogenesis). Second, by comparing the expression patterns of genes that are involved in the development of morphological characters among different taxa, it is possible to distinguish between relatedness by homology and relatedness by analogy. The greater resolution of such molecular developmental studies will greatly enhance our understanding of the genetic changes that have accompanied the evolution and divergence of organisms.

Keywords

Serum Response Factor Inflorescence Meristem Petal Primordia Agamous Gene Floral Organ Identity Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsuyasu Hasebe
    • 1
  • Jo Ann Banks
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute for Basic BiologyMyoudaiji-cho, Okazaki 444Japan
  2. 2.Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Lilly Hall of Life SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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