Eel Biology pp 157-168 | Cite as

The Worldwide Distribution of Anguillid Leptocephali

  • Michael J. Miller


The catadromous eels of the genus Anguilla are famous for their long migrations from freshwater to their open ocean spawning areas. However, our understanding of the spawning locations of anguillid eels is based completely on data about the distribution of small recently hatched leptocephali. The collection of small leptocephali of the temperate Atlantic eels and the Japanese eel clearly indicates that these species make long spawning migrations (Schmidt 1922; McCleave et al. 1987; Tsukamoto 1992), and preliminary data on the distribution of the leptocephali of the Australian and New Zealand temperate eel, Anguilla australis,indicate that it also appears to have a long spawning migration (Aoyama et al. 1999). However, the limited data on the distribution of the leptocephali of tropical anguillids (Jespersen 1942; Aoyama et al. 2003) indicate that most tropical eels may not make long spawning migrations to spawn offshore.


North Equatorial Current South Equatorial Current Western North Pacific Ocean Anguillid Species Small Leptocephali 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.Ocean Research InstituteThe University of TokyoNakano-ku, TokyoJapan

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