Neuronavigator: Its Current Usage and Its Future

  • Eiju Watanabe
Conference paper


Neuronavigator, the first commercialized surgical navigation system, was reported in 1987. It translates the site of operation into CT/MRI coordinates, providing a surgeon with exact three-dimensional orientation during surgery. It serves as a functional guiding system when it is combined with a preoperative functional mapping such as magnetoencephalography (MEG) or functional MRI (fMRI). This usage enhances the safety of brain surgery in the realm of brain function.

Key words

Surgical navigation Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Computer Functional mapping 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eiju Watanabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryTokyo Metropolitan Police HospitalChiyodaku, Tokyo 102Japan

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