Factors of Production: Technology

  • Ifo Institute for Economic Research
  • Sakura Institute of Research


During the initial phase of the high-growth period, Japan relied heavily on technology imported from the West. As the Japanese economy began to grow, Japan gradually developed its own technology, particularly in the area of applied technology. However, the development was not uniform for all products, and while some Japanese technology progressively gained acceptance in world markets, there were also cases of technology developed from the outset to target world markets. In this chapter we will examine the structure and characteristics of technological development in Japan and the role that it has played in the growth of the Japanese economy.


Trade Union Technological Progress Labour Union Flexible Manufacturing System Technology Policy 
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© Springer Japan 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ifo Institute for Economic Research
  • Sakura Institute of Research

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