Historical and Cultural Background

  • Ifo Institute for Economic Research
  • Sakura Institute of Research


Japan’s post-war reconstruction began with the reforms implemented by the Occupation administration (General Headquarters, or GHQ). Yet, despite a series of thorough reforms, including demilitarisation and democratisation programmes, some components of the control systems of the wartime period remained in place, albeit in changed forms. Moreover, the material and spiritual legacies which had developed since the Meiji era (1868–1912) were still intact. In a broad sense, these were the conditions inherited by post-war Japan and served as its foundation for growth.


Cultural Background Universal Bank Wage Demand Meiji Government Tokugawa Shogunate 
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© Springer Japan 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ifo Institute for Economic Research
  • Sakura Institute of Research

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