All surgical procedures no matter how minor are sometimes accompanied by postoperative complications. This is defined as any undesirable, unintended, and direct result of an operation affecting the patient (Sokol and Wilson, World J Surg, 32, 942–944, 2008).
In hair transplantation, postoperative complications are not very common with one report estimating an overall complication rate of only 4.7% (Salanitri et al., Aesthet Surg J, 29, 72–76, 2009). In my private practice, I would have to say that I encounter these complications at a rate of 2–3%. Complications are more commonly encountered by surgeons during the first few years of practice as compared to those who have been performing hair transplants for more than 5 years. No surgeon is free from having complications; the important thing is that we recognize them and we know how to handle them, in order to minimize any negative effects on graft growth and improve the overall result.
In this chapter, I have categorized recipient site complications according to the time of their occurrence.
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