Bioelectrics pp 389-476 | Cite as

Environmental Applications, Food and Biomass Processing by Pulsed Electric Fields

  • Wolfgang FreyEmail author
  • Christian Gusbeth
  • Takashi Sakugawa
  • Martin Sack
  • Georg Mueller
  • Juergen Sigler
  • Eugene Vorobiev
  • Nikolai Lebovka
  • Ignacio Álvarez
  • Javier Raso
  • Loree C. Heller
  • Muhammad A. Malik
  • Christian Eing
  • Justin Teissie


Pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment is a physical method which exhibits specific advantages over conventional processing in various applications and was proven for feasibility on pilot and industrial scale. For bacterial inactivation in wastewater and liquid food and for eradication of Cyanobacteria in surface waters, PEF-based techniques are demonstrated to be energy saving and persistent in efficacy without adding harmful chemicals and in particular do not cause adverse effects to food matrices or to the aquatic environment. For component extraction, the specific advantages of PEF treatment, i.e., low heat influx, low-energy demand, and selectivity of compound release, promote PEF processing in winemaking, extraction of sugar from sugar beets and valuable components from fruits and vegetables, and PEF-downstream processing of microalgae. These promising applications of PEF processing will be introduced in more detail in the following sections.


Bacterial inactivation Food preservation Cell component extraction Microalgae downstream processing 



The authors appreciate the support from the COST Action TD1104 (EP4Bio2Med - European network for development of electroporation-based technologies and treatments).


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Frey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Gusbeth
    • 1
  • Takashi Sakugawa
    • 2
  • Martin Sack
    • 1
  • Georg Mueller
    • 1
  • Juergen Sigler
    • 3
  • Eugene Vorobiev
    • 4
  • Nikolai Lebovka
    • 5
  • Ignacio Álvarez
    • 6
  • Javier Raso
    • 6
  • Loree C. Heller
    • 7
  • Muhammad A. Malik
    • 7
  • Christian Eing
    • 1
  • Justin Teissie
    • 8
  1. 1.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave TechnologyEggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Pulsed Power Science, Kumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan
  3. 3.State Institute for Viticulture and OenologyFreiburgGermany
  4. 4.Sorbonne Universités, Université de Technologie de CompiègneCompiègneFrance
  5. 5.F. D. Ovcharenko Institute of Biocolloidal ChemistryKievUkraine
  6. 6.Food Science DepartmentUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  7. 7.Frank Reidy Research Center for BioelectricsOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA
  8. 8.Institute of Pharmacology and Structural BiologyCNRS and Université de ToulouseToulouseFrance

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