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Structure and Function of Cadherin Extracellular Regions

  • Lawrence ShapiroEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Cell-surface glycoproteins of the cadherin superfamily are defined by the presence of extracellular cadherin (EC) β-sandwich domains in their extracellular regions. EC domains adopt a fold similar to immunoglobulin domains, but most EC domains ligate calcium through stereotyped sites positioned between successive domains; Ca2+-binding at these sites rigidifies cadherin extracellular regions. Although the superfamily is highly diverse and may serve numerous functions, the best-characterized members are the vertebrate “classical” cadherins, which mediate cell–cell adhesion via homodimerization between their membrane-distal EC1 domains. Nonclassical and invertebrate cadherins have evolved distinct mechanisms for cell recognition and adhesion, and are only now beginning to be understood.

Keywords

Cadherin Classical cadherin Extracellular cell adhesion Crystal structure crystallography Cell adhesion Adherens junctions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiophysicsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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