Development and Regeneration of Hematopoietic Stem Cells

  • Daniel J. Wesche
  • Hiromitsu Nakauchi


Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have the capacity to maintain or reconstitute an organism’s immune system for life. Due to limited supply of these rare cells, the generation of HSCs de novo from readily available cell sources has been a central goal in synthetic immunology. While yet unattained, progress towards that goal has been made along three major strategic avenues. First, developmental mimicking attempts to generate HSCs from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) by recapitulating the embryonic developmental steps towards HSCs in vitro through temporally controlled exposure to signaling factors and inhibitors. Second, HSC development from PSCs is recapitulated randomly inside a forming teratoma in vivo, and hematopoietic differentiation can be enhanced and directed using hematopoietic stromal cells and cytokines. Third, combinatorial transcription factor-mediated transdifferentiation employs forced expression of transcriptional master regulators with known roles in HSCs to convert somatic cells to HSCs. In this chapter we provide a developmental perspective of HSC emergence and review the promises and challenges of the three major approaches to generate HSCs de novo.


Hematopoietic Progenitor Inner Cell Mass Primitive Streak Hematopoietic Differentiation Human HSCs 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Dr. S. Tamir Rashid for careful reading of the manuscript and comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative MedicineStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Division of Stem Cell Therapy, Center for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, The Institute of Medical ScienceThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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