Substitution with More Friendly Elements

  • Hideyuki Kanematsu
  • Dana M. Barry


As described in detail already, environmentally friendly surface finishing processes are available by substituting the original process or plating itself with something less harmful. As for the process changes, we described the details and gave examples in chapter “ Process Changes”. In that chapter, we mainly mentioned physical vapor deposition (PVD). On the other hand, we focused on the substitution of plating materials from aqueous solutions. As concrete examples, we talked about some aqueous processes for the substitution of hexavalent chromium plating. This chapter mainly describes alloy plating processes, trivalent chromium processes and composite plating.


Composite Coating Hexavalent Chromium Electroless Plating Alloy Film Electroless Nickel 
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    Wikipedia (2015) Chrome plating.

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Technology, Suzuka CollegeSuzukaJapan
  2. 2.Clarkson’s Departments of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering and Electrical & Computer EngineeringClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  3. 3.Center for Advanced Materials Processing (CAMP)Clarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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