The Fundamentals of Corrosion Science and Engineering: Equilibrium Theory and Its Meaning



Corrosion is basically the oxidation of metals, where electrons are transferred between oxidant and reductant. Therefore, corrosion is generally composed of redox reactions and should be analyzed from the viewpoint of electrochemistry. In this chapter, we describe the basic concept of electrochemistry and how various corrosion aspects can be explained by this discipline. We focus particularly on the equilibrium side because it could suggest possibilities that might be useful for corrosion prediction. The close relationship between redox reactions and corrosion are explained and stressed qualitatively and quantitatively.


Point Charge Electromotive Force Electrochemical Potential Nernst Equation Zinc Electrode 
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© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Technology, Suzuka CollegeSuzukaJapan
  2. 2.Clarkson’s Departments of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering and Electrical & Computer EngineeringClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  3. 3.Center for Advanced Materials Processing (CAMP)Clarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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