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Japanese Environmental Regulations

  • Hideyuki Kanematsu
  • Dana M. Barry
Chapter

Abstract

After World War Two (WW2), Japan sought for industrial development and entered a high-growth period with the growth of baby boomers. However, the Japanese focused too much on the development and neglected consideration for environmental protection. As a result, many unfortunate affairs relating to environmental pollution occurred in Japan. Then the Japanese government finally decided to establish the Environmental Basic Act of 1993. Since then, their environmental policy has been going in the right direction based on the viewpoint of protection. In this chapter, we describe the history for the development of environmental protection acts in Japan and explain some of the important ones.

Keywords

Chemical Substance Methyl Mercury United Nations Framework Convention Sustainable Utilization Sustainable Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Japanese Ministry of Environment, Environmental white papers, 1972–2006 http://www.env.go.jp/en/wpaper/
  2. 2.
    Japanese Ministry of Environment, White paper on environmental pollution, http://www.env.go.jp/en/wpaper/ 1969–1971
  3. 3.
    Ishimure M, Monnet L (2003) Paradise in the sea of sorrow: our Minamata disease (Michigan Classics in Japanese Studies). University of Michigan Center, Ann Arbor, MIGoogle Scholar
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    Bergkamp L (2013) The European Union reach regulation for chemicals: law and practice. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 13.89–13.121Google Scholar
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    Kaseno S (1994) From Basic Act for Environmental Pollution Control to Basic Environmental Act – the establishment of Basic Environmental Act and the meaning. Okayama University, Scientific Achievement Repository. http://escholarship.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/Detail.e?id=2051220100519012046
  6. 6.
    The Ministry of Environment (1993) Japanese government, The Basic Environment Law, http://www.env.go.jp/en/laws/policy/basic/
  7. 7.
    The Ministry of Environment (2012) Japanese government, Biodiversity. http://www.biodic.go.jp/biodiversity/about/initiatives/
  8. 8.
    The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2011) Chemical substances and control law. http://www.meti.go.jp/policy/chemical_management/english/files/setsumeisiryou_eng.pdf
  9. 9.
    The Ministry of Health (2010) Labor and Welfare, Environment and National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, Japan CHEmicals Collaborative Knowledge Database (J-CHECK). http://www.safe.nite.go.jp/jcheck/top.action

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Technology, Suzuka CollegeSuzukaJapan
  2. 2.Clarkson’s Departments of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering and Electrical & Computer EngineeringClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  3. 3.Center for Advanced Materials Processing (CAMP)Clarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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