Advertisement

Introduction

  • Mamoru Watanabe
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

Sperm competition has been conceptualised, in the narrow sense, as a process of sexual selection defined as the competition, between the sperm of more than two males who have mated with the female, for fertilisation of the eggs in the female internal reproductive organs (Parker 1970). In insects, once a female has copulated, the sperm transferred from the male is stored and maintained unchanged in female sperm storage organs that have specialised morphology, mainly tissue, to provide both nutrition and a constant ionic environment for sperm survival throughout her lifespan (e.g., Villavaso 1975). Therefore, insect sperm must retain its fertilisation capacity throughout the lifespan of the female, and the females are able to fertilise eggs using the stored sperm for oviposition at any time. Typically, when a female oviposits, each egg passes down the oviduct via a special pouch near the exit of the sperm storage organs. Females can control the position of the eggs in their internal genitalia and have the ability to release exactly the adequate number of spermatozoa needed to fertilise the eggs (Walker 1980). The efficiency of sperm utilisation at fertilisation has been reported as being high because no sperm wastage occurs and a single spermatozoon is generally used to fertilise a single egg (Thornhill and Alcock 1983).

Keywords

Sperm Competition Multiple Mating Bursa Copulatrix Genital Morphology Internal Genitalia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Boggs CL, Gilbert LE (1979) Male contribution to egg production in butterflies: evidence for transfer of nutrients at mating. Science 206:83–84CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Burns JM (1968) Mating frequency in natural populations of skippers and butterflies as determined by spermatophore counts. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 61:852–859Google Scholar
  3. Eberhard WG (1996) Female control: sexual selection by cryptic female choice. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  4. Feltwell J (1986) The natural history of butterflies. Croom Helm, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Kimura K, Tsubaki Y (1985) Egg weight variation associated with female age in Pieris rapae crucivora Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Appl Entomol Zool 20:500–501Google Scholar
  6. Koch K, Suhling F (2005) Do behavioural and life-history traits vary with mate-guarding intensity in libellulid odonates? Can J Zool 83:1631–1637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Obara Y (1970) Studies on the mating behavior of the white cabbage butterfly, Pieris rapae crucivora Boisduval. III. Near-ultra-violet reflection as the signal of intraspecific communication. Z Vergl Physiol 69:99–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Parker GA (1970) Sperm competition and its evolutionary consequences in insects. Biol Rev 45:525–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Roff DA (1992) The evolution of life histories: theory and analysis. Chapman & Hall, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Rutowski RL, Rajyaguru P (2013) Male-specific iridescent coloration in the pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor) is used in mate choice by females but not sexual discrimination by males. J Insect Behav 26:200–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Silberglied RE, Taylor OR Jr (1978) Ultraviolet reflection and its behavioral role in the courtship of sulfur butterflies Colias eurytheme and C. philodice (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 3:203–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Simmons LW (2001) Sperm competition and its evolutionary consequences in the insects. Princeton University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  13. Simmons LW, Siva-Jothy MT (1998) Sperm competition in insects: mechanisms and the potential for selection. In: Birkhead TR, Møller AP (eds) Sperm competition and sexual selection. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 341–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sugawara T (1979) Stretch reception in the bursa copulatrix of the butterfly, Pieris rapae crucivora, and its role in behaviour. J Comp Physiol 130:191–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Thornhill R, Alcock R (1983) The evolution of insect mating systems. Harvard University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Villavaso EJ (1975) The rôle of the spermathecal gland of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis. J Insect Physiol 21:1457–1462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Walker WF (1980) Sperm utilization strategies in nonsocial insects. Am Nat 115:780–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Watanabe M (1988) Multiple matings increase the fecundity of the yellow swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus L., in summer generations. J Insect Behav 1:17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Watanabe M, Ando S (1993) Influence of mating frequency on lifetime fecundity in wild females of the small white Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Jpn J Entomol 61:691–696Google Scholar
  20. Watanabe M, Nozato K (1986) Fecundity of the yellow swallowtail butterflies, Papilio xuthus and P. machaon hippocrates, in a wild environment. Zool Sci 3:509–516Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mamoru Watanabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations