Unsafety pp 135-160 | Cite as

Escape from Disaster: Invisible Informatics of Risks and Crises

  • Shigeo Atsuji
Part of the Translational Systems Sciences book series (TSS)


Why are the lands that were home to four of the world’s great civilizations—Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus valley, and China—turning to desert? What has gone wrong? Is it human-made disaster or natural disaster? The Maya and Inca civilizations, Easter Island, and many other ancient civilizations collapsed and vanished together with the forests [1]. It is said that Greece and the islands around the Aegean Sea were originally covered in forest, which was used up as building material and fuel, causing desertification. In Africa, too, whence humanity originated, the progress of desertification has brought water shortages and drought conditions that have plunged the continent into food crisis.


Sustainable Society Food Crisis Great East Japan Earthquake City Authority Nuclear Power Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Diamond, J.M., Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, Viking Penguin, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McNeill, W.H., A World History, Oxford University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fromm, E., Man for Himself: Enquiry into the Psychology of Ethics, Rinehart and Company, 1947. See for example, Torahiko Terada.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thom, R., Zeeman, E.C., Ushiki, S., Sawa, T., Keitai to kouzō—katasutrofu no riron [Catastrophe Theory], Misuzu Shobō, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leiserowitz, A., “Climate change risk perception and policy preferences: The role of effect, imagery, and values”, Climate Change 77: 45–72. 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cribb, J., The Coming Famine: The Global Food Crisis and What We Can Do to Avoid It, University of California Press, 2010.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lloyd, C., What on Earth Happened?: The Complete Story of the Planet, Life and People from the Big Bang to the Present Day, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heinrich, H.W., Industrial Accident Prevention – A Scientific Approach, 1931.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reason, J., “The dimensions of safety” in Patrick, J. (ed.) Cognitive Science Approaches to Cognitive Control, Third European Conference, Cardiff: University of Wales, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pierce, J.R., Symbols, Signals, and Noise: The Nature and Process of Communication, Harper & Bro., 1961.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Norman, D.A., Learning and Memory, Freeman and Company, 1982.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Polanyi, M., Personal Knowledge, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1958.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Simon, H.A., Administrative Behavior: A Study of Decision–Making Processes in Administrative Organizations, Macmillan Publishing, 1945, pp.210–212.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barnard, C.I., The Functions of the Executive, Harvard University Press, 1938, pp.167–170.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Simon, H.A., op. cit., pp.80–84.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ashby, W.R. An Introduction to Cybernetics, London: Chapman & Hall, 1956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Polanyi, M., Tacit Dimension, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1966.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ayer, A.J., The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge, Macmillan, 1940.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Barnard, C.I., op. cit., pp.163–165.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Weick, K.E., “The vulnerable system: an analysis of the Tenerife air disaster” in Frost P.J. et al., (eds), Reframing Organizational Culture, London: Sage Publications, 1991.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Atsuji S., et al., “Organizational Disaster by Implicit Systems Errors: A Case Study of the JR West Accident”, IFSAM, 2012.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Barnard, C.I., op. cit., p.270.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yablokov, A.V., Nesterenko, V.B., Nesterenko, A.V. and Preobrazhenskaya N.E., Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment, the New York Academy of Sciences, 2009.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Barnard, C.I., op. cit., pp.88–89.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Glendon, A.I. and McKenna, E.F. Human Safety and Risk Management, London: Chapman & Hall, 1995.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    See for example, Atsuji et al., JR Accident 4.25, Kansai University, 2007.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Weick, K.E., “Organizational culture as a source of high reliability”, California Management Review, 29, 1987, pp. 112–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Atsuji et al., “The Fukushima Catastrophe seen as a Malfunction of Organizational Systems: Nuclear Fade–out and Hazard Maps for the World”, General Systems Bulletin, Vol. XXXXI, 2012.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Atsuji S. and Cook, N.D., “Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe 3.11: System Pathology of Social Organizations”, ISSS, 2011. See also, Atsuji et al., “Sustainable Decision–Making Following the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe”, IFSAM, 2012.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    See, The ASAHI SHIMBUN, Doubt cast on Abe’s assurance to IOC about Fukushima leaks, 10th Sep. 2013. Available at: Accessed March, 2014.
  31. 31.
    Barnard, C.I., op. cit., pp.170–172.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Diamond, J.M., Guns, Germs, And Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, W. W. Norton, 1997.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Brown, L.R. et al., Saving the Planet: How to Shape an Environmentally Sustainable Global Economy, Worldwatch Institute, 1991.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lovins, A.B. et al., Saiseikanō Energy ga Hiraku Mirai [A Future Built on Renewable Energy], Iwanami, 2013.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    See, Portland. Available at: Accessed May, 2014.
  36. 36.
    See, Feldheim. Available at: Accessed April, 2014.
  37. 37.
    Yergin, D., The Quest, Penguin, 2011.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    See, National Energy Authority of Iceland. Available at: Accessed May, 2014.
  39. 39.
    See, Masdar City. Available at: Accessed May, 2014.
  40. 40.
    Diamond, J.M., Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    See, Portland. Available at: Accessed May, 2014.
  42. 42.
    Sandel, M.J., Let’s Talk about Justice in the World and a Special Lecture in Tohoku University, Hayakawa Publishing, 2013.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Diamond, J.M., The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies?, Viking Penguin, 2012.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kessler, D. J. and Cour–Palais, B.G., “Collision Frequency of Artificial Satellites: The Creation of a Debris Belt”, Journal of Geophysical Research 83, 1978.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kineman, J.J., “Crisis sciences for sustainability”, Program & Abstracts 2015, (ISSS Journals), pp.166–167.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Colborn, T., Dumanoski, D. and Myers, J. P., Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival?, Spieler, 1996.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Silver, L.M., Remaking Eden: How Genetic Engineering and Cloning will Transform the American Family, Avon Books, 1997.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Fromm, E., Escape from Freedom, Rinehart and Company, 1941.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Sandel, M.J., Justice: What’s the Right Thing to do, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2009. See also, Sandel, M.J., What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Tönnies, F., Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft, Leipzig: Fues’s Verlag, 1887.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigeo Atsuji
    • 1
  1. 1.Kansai UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations