Unsafety pp 107-131 | Cite as

Boiling Globe: Cumulative Thermal Effluent from the World’s 441 Nuclear Reactors over 40 Years

  • Shigeo Atsuji
Part of the Translational Systems Sciences book series (TSS)


Hiroyuki Itsuki has said that Fukushima was a ‘second war defeat’. Japan, which suffered the atomic bombing of “Hiroshima and Nagasaki” in World War II, was once again visited by a nuclear incident at Fukushima. After the World War, the state was defeated, but the natural environment was preserved. Conversely, at Fukushima, the natural environment was lost and people were robbed of their livelihood, with the state alone remaining intact [1]. Historically, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have taken only retrospective action in the event of nuclear-related accidents, disasters, or mishaps, while current law is insufficient and ineffectual in the face of the nuclear issue. Meanwhile, the management of the electric power companies in charge of nuclear operations, such as the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) in the case of the Fukushima nuclear accident, has also been lax both in its preventive measures against accidents and disasters and in its risk awareness [2]. Even after the accident, its response can only be called inadequate.


Nuclear Power Station Spend Nuclear Fuel Radioactive Contamination Great East Japan Earthquake Nuclear Power Generation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigeo Atsuji
    • 1
  1. 1.Kansai UniversityKyotoJapan

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